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Nursing Research Critique

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Quantitative Research Critique


The purpose of this study is clearly stated in this article in a manner that is quite easy to understand. It basically seeks to elucidate the prevalent attitude of nurses towards patient rights advocacy. This is particularly significant because it determines the quality of services that nurses provide to their patients. It will also enable patients to report their conditions to their healthcare providers without fear of retribution. It is worth noting that disease conditions are likely to be treated when management is started early enough. This study was meant to unearth how public health tragedy turned into a workable policy in Nevada. This is how the researcher intended to make meaning of the findings of the research. In addition, the research findings provide a foundation for including patient-nurse relations in any policy in order to make it easy to implement.

Problem Statement

In this quantitative nursing research, the problem is not clearly stated right from the beginning. However, it becomes evident what the problem exists as one reads through the report. For example, the article only talks about determining the attitude that nurses have towards patient rights advocacy within the clinical setting. However, it does not immediately state the problem that this will be used to solve. Later on towards the end of the abstract, it becomes clear that poor attitude of nurses towards patient rights advocacy in Nevada formed the foundation of creating a workable healthcare policy for the state. Although it comes a little late in the article, it still serves the purpose because the readers can still elucidate what the problem was and how the research provided a solution to it. Indeed, the writer identifies key research questions, among them such as whether or not patient service was hindered by fears of retaliation. The research certainly has a potential to provide a solution that we currently have at hand. It seeks to integrate patient rights advocacy into nursing practice as this will ensure that patients get the best services.

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Literature Review

The literature review in this article certainly follows a logical sequence that eventually leads to confirmation of prior work. It has always been a matter of concern on how patients communicated and related with their health providers. There has been emphasis that patients need a conducive environment in order to reveal all the details concerning their medical condition. They should do this without fear of being victimized given that outbreak of certain diseases may imply laxity among healthy workers. In this regard, the findings herein confirm what other researchers have proposed as truly applicable in the current social order. As a matter of fact, the relationship with previous research is quite clear, however, it was conducted taking into consideration different disease conditions. Nevertheless, there are gaps in the existing literature that the investigator described in earnest. For example, while previous research did not seek legal entrenchment in order to facilitate its implementation, the investigator sought to fill this gap by proposing that the report findings be used to provide protection to persons who reported that health practitioners are reluctant to relay to the right authorities. This will certainly help the state of Nevada to have one of the best patient advocacy rights in the United States.

Theoretical Framework and Hypothesis

The investigator has indeed clearly stated the rationale of the quantitative research in nursing. This is perfectly backed by the theoretical facts that hold that communication between patients and their health providers should always be made easy in order to enable patients to reveal finer details of their medical conditions. It is in this regard that the investigator set a hypothesis for the research which sought to elucidate poor patient-nurse communication as a public health tragedy. Indeed, the hypothesis is stated in a manner that makes it easy to be tested and confirmed by the research. It is easy to determine the nature of patient-nurse relationships by using questionnaires that seeks specific answers to the problem. For example, if most respondents give negative responses, then this would mean that there is a problem that needs to be fixed as quickly as possible. This formed the basis of the research, and it is indeed clear from the article.


The research involved administering questionnaires to residents of the state of Nevada. The study questionnaire for this purpose was particularly designed to test the reliability of the thesis statement. They were sent to people through their postal service to 1,725 registered nurses in Nevada. This was approximated to have been about 10 percent of all registered nurses in the state. As such, it was certainly a good sample that could be used to access the general situation in the entire state. It goes without saying that the method of data collection was adequately described in the article. However, there are potential threats to the validity of the data collected. It is worth noting that respondents were expected to send their responses through postal service. This means that it will be possible to trace each and every response using the addresses. Due to the fact that respondents were not certain about who was going to receive the responses, they were likely to give nice sounding information for fear of being victimized. Besides, there are chances that most potential respondents would keep off the exercise for the same reasons. This will leave a small number of respondents whose responses would put the validity of the research in jeopardy.

Sample and Instruments

The sampling method was not described properly in the article. However, it can be deduced that it was done by random sampling. For example, the investigators picked random addresses of various registered nurses in the state and sent them questionnaires. This was scientific in nature and likely to give a perfect overview of the general perceptions. The fact that only a few potential respondents sent their responses back to the investigators even makes it a better sample. The article notes that about 10 percent of all registered nurses in Nevada participated in the study. This is certainly a good number, especially considering that the variables were not so many. However, it is worth noting that the study did not assure the respondents their protection. In fact, this is evident in the sense that they propose legal reforms to protect such respondents in future. The addresses could easily have been used to identify the sources of the responses and the individuals behind them. This must have put the respondents in dire risk of being victimized.

Data Analysis and Results

The data analysis was appropriate for the study. The statistical tests used were sufficient to provide the information that the study had set out to obtain. The questions asked in the questionnaire were particularly relevant as far as the research was concerned. Among the questions that were contained in the questionnaire were such as whether or not nurses were aware of instances when healthcare provision caused further harm to patients but the nurses never bothered to report the case. The results were likely to have come in form of numerical statistics as either positive or negative. It was, therefore, up to the investigators to compare positive responses to negative ones and come up with their own conclusions. This could have been presented in form of graphs, especially if the respondents had provided the specific times when the incidents occurred. This would form a proper basis for the analysis of the collected data.

Discussion and Research Utilization

The conclusions drawn from the results certainly relate well with the hypotheses. Indeed, they affirmed that nurses should be more open with their patients in order to improve the level of service delivery. In addition, it noted that patients should always be working in a good atmosphere in which they can freely express their disease conditions for maximum therapeutic benefit. The findings of the study will form the basis of future legislations. In particular, the investigators noted that a law that protects nurses when they decide to report improper treatment of the patients’ condition should be enacted. In most instances, they conceal important details for fear of being charged with professional negligence even if speaking out will immensely benefit the patient. Thus, it was clearly a good thing to protect them from being denied licenses due to commission of errors in the course of their duties. In addition, the findings of the study could be used to encourage nurses to foster a good working relationship with their patients and provide them with good services as though they were members of their families. This will not just benefit patients, but will also lead to improved healthcare provision in the state of Nevada.

In conclusion, the purpose of this study is clearly stated in this article in a manner that is quite easy to understand. It basically seeks to elucidate the prevalent attitude of nurses towards patient rights advocacy. This affirmed that nurses should be more open with their patients in order to improve the level of service delivery as the fear of victimization will be eliminated by legislative changes.

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